french guiana gdp

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miles) 87.3 % of the population is urban (260,877 people in 2020) The median age in French Guiana is 25.1 years. Cultivation of crops is limited to the coastal area, where the population is largely concentrated; rice and manioc are the major crops. Logging remains moderate due to the lack of roads, difficult climate, and difficult terrain. It can be very difficult to find highly skilled workers in countries with very low wealth, as it is difficult for citizens to obtain the requisite education needed for specialized industries. Cultivation of crops is limited to the coastal area, where the population is largely concentrated; rice and manioc are the major crops. Logging concessions or free transfers are sometimes granted by local authorities to persons traditionally deriving their livelihood from the forest.

The total Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in French Guiana is 5 billion. # Physiographically, Bermuda is an isolated oceanic island in the North Atlantic Ocean, not a part of the Antilles, West Indies, Caribbean, North American continent or South American continent. [26] In addition, the Guiana Space Centre has played a significant role in the local economy since it was established in Kourou in 1964: it accounted directly and indirectly for 16% of French Guiana's GDP in 2002 (down from 26% in 1994, as the French Guianese economy is becoming increasingly diversified). Economy.

The military there is currently 1,900 strong, expected to increase enrollment in 2014–2015.[41]. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. Besides the French space center at Kourou, fishing and forestry are the most important economic activities in French Guiana. [35] Other languages spoken include Portuguese, Hakka, Haitian Creole, Spanish, Dutch, English, and Tamil, and Caribbean Hindustani. ... Health expenditure, public (% of GDP) Health expenditure, total (% of GDP) Hospital beds (per 1,000 people) [12] A Portuguese-British naval squadron took French Guiana for the Portuguese Empire in 1809. This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. Fully integrated[according to whom?] French Guiana is located in the north Atlantic coast of South America in the Guyanas. The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) and the European Union (EU) have recommended special efforts to protect these areas.[22]. It borders Brazil to the east and south and Suriname to the west. French Guiana (/ɡiˈɑːnə/ or /ɡiˈænə/; French: Guyane [ɡɥijan]) is an overseas department and region of France on the northern Atlantic coast of South America in the Guianas. The IMF Press Center is a password-protected site for working journalists. * These three Dutch Caribbean territories form the BES islands. French Guiana was originally inhabited by indigenous people: Kalina, Arawak, Galibi, Palikur, Teko, Wayampi and Wayana. Sites of Terra preta (anthropogenic soils) have been discovered in French Guiana, particularly near the border with Brazil. The first French establishment is recorded in 1503, but France did not establish a durable presence until colonists founded Cayenne in 1643. $135,5 million, including capital expenditures of $105 million (1996), Electricity - production: [2] Social unrest in 2017 paralyzed the economy for several weeks and led to an economic recession (−1.9% in real terms), which sunk the GDP per capita that year. During the Revolution, the National Convention voted to abolish slavery in February 1794, months after the rebelling slaves had already announced an abolition of slavery in Saint-Domingue. As GDP grows, business, jobs, and personal income grow as well. These are euro, euros. A rocket-launching base at Kourou, used by the European Space Agency , is of great importance to the economy, accounting for about one-fourth of the country’s annual gross domestic product (GDP). French Guiana. The economy is tied closely to the much larger French economy through subsidies and imports. The developmental stage of a nation is determined by a number of factors including, but not limited to, economic prosperity, life expectancy, income equality, and quality of life. Population Pyramids: French Guiana - 2017. Citizens of developing nations may have lower life expectancies than citizens of developed nations. The addition of the adjective "French" in most languages other than French is rooted in colonial times, when five such colonies (The Guianas) had been named along the coast, subject to differing powers: namely (from west to east) Spanish Guiana (now Guayana Region and Guayana Esequiba in Venezuela), British Guiana (now Guyana), Dutch Guiana (now Suriname), French Guiana, and Portuguese Guiana (now Amapá in Brazil). As elsewhere in France, the official language is standard French, but each ethnic community has its own language, of which French Guianese Creole, a French-based creole language, is the most widely spoken. There are two flights a day to Paris (Orly Airport), served by Air France and Air Caraïbes. [15] In a referendum that same year, French Guiana voted against autonomy. It was abolished in 1946, the year that French Guiana as a whole was formally established as an overseas department of France. The flight time from Cayenne to Paris is 8 hours and 10 minutes, and from Paris to Cayenne it is 8 hours and 30 minutes. It was intended to replace the Sahara base in Algeria and stimulate economic growth in French Guiana. [5] Illegal and ecologically destructive gold mining by Brazilian garimpeiros is a chronic issue in the remote interior rain forest of French Guiana. Between August and November, the eastern half experiences a "dry" season with rainfall below 60 millimetres or 2.36 inches occurring in September and October, causing eastern French Guiana to be classed as a tropical monsoon climate (Köppen Am); Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni in the west has a tropical rainforest climate (Af). There are several plural forms of the name 'euro'. The large reserves of tropical hardwoods, not fully exploited, support an expanding sawmill industry which provides saw logs for export. [citation needed] The main traditional industries are fishing (accounting for 5% of exports in 2012), gold mining (accounting for 32% of exports in 2012) and timber (accounting for 1% of exports in 2012). Unemployment is a serious problem, particularly among younger workers. An asphalted road from Régina to Saint-Georges de l'Oyapock (a town by the Brazilian border) was opened in 2004, completing the road from Cayenne to the Brazilian border. Though Portugal returned the region to France, it kept a military presence until 1817. Article 64 proposes a "departmental plan of mining orientation" for French Guiana, which would promote mining (specifically of gold) that is compatible with requirements for environmental protection. expenditures: This is one of the largest worldwide for the leatherback turtle. Currency > Least valued currency unit > Exchange rate to 1 US dollar, GDP > Composition by sector > Agriculture, GDP > Purchasing power parity > Per capita, Currency Least valued currency unit [2] A large part of French Guiana's economy derives from jobs and businesses associated with the presence of the Guiana Space Centre, now the European Space Agency's primary launch site near the equator. (see Data FAQs), Source: IMF World Economic Outlook Database. Countries with very low wealth per capita often have lower life expectancies and dramatically lower quality of living among citizens. Enter your login email address and instructions for resetting your password will be sent. There is no information on the credit rating of French Guiana. Regional languages include French Guianese Creole (not to be confused with Guyanese Creole), six Amerindian languages (Arawak, Palijur, Kali'na, Wayana, Wayampi, Emerillon), four Maroon creole languages (Saramaka, Paramaccan, Aluku, Ndyuka), as well as Hmong Njua. In 2017, the GDP of French Guiana at market exchange rates was US$5.18 billion (€4.59 billion), ranking as the largest economy in the Guianas, and the 11th largest in South America.

The rainforests of French Guiana provide shelter for many species during dry periods and terrestrial glaciation. Unemployment is a serious problem, particularly among younger workers. [28], There is very little manufacturing. As of the late 1990s, there was evidence of an uncontacted group of Wayampi. Export Guiana was developed as a slave society, where planters imported Africans as enslaved labourers on large sugar and other plantations in such number as to increase the population. Population figures are those recorded in the 2017 census.

The soldiers fired warning shots and rubber "flash balls", but the miners managed to retake one of their boats and about 500 grams of gold.

The currency of French Guiana is euro. Economy French Guiana Economy - overview: The economy is tied closely to the larger French economy through subsidies and imports. Forest and woodland cover 90% of the country. nuclear: French Guiana and the two larger countries to the north and west, Guyana and Suriname, are still often collectively referred to as "the Guianas" and constitute one large landmass known as the Guiana Shield.

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