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[99] His memory, however, defies categorisation and presents problems for various groups that might try to appropriate it. It has the Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji, Amrit Kirtan Gutka, Bhai Gurdaas Vaaran, Sri Dasam Granth Sahib and Kabit Bhai Gurdas. [28][55], Singh's attention now turned to his trial, where he was to face a Crown prosecution team comprising C. H. Carden-Noad, Kalandar Ali Khan, Jai Gopal Lal, and the prosecuting inspector, Bakshi Dina Nath. However, the petition was dismissed as being premature. Singh was criticised both by his contemporaries,[who?] [50][f] With the matter still unresolved, the Indian Viceroy, Lord Irwin, cut short his vacation in Simla to discuss the situation with jail authorities. [40] Singh and Dutt eventually responded to the criticism by writing the Assembly Bomb Statement: We hold human life sacred beyond words. In 1923, he won an essay competition set by the Punjab Hindi Sahitya Sammelan, writing on the problems in the Punjab. Our dharma is to swallow our anger, abide by the discipline of non-violence and carry out our duty.[76]. Bhagat Singh (Punjabi pronunciation: [pə̀ɡət̪ sɪ́ŋɡ] (listen) 1907[a] – 23 March 1931) was an Indian socialist revolutionary whose two acts of dramatic violence against the British in India and execution at age 23 made him a folk hero of the Indian independence movement. "[95][better source needed] While in prison, Singh and two others had written a letter to Lord Irwin, wherein they asked to be treated as prisoners of war and consequently to be executed by firing squad and not by hanging. Gandhi-inspired Indian nationalists, Hindu nationalists, Sikh nationalists, the parliamentary Left and the pro-armed struggle Naxalite Left compete with each other to appropriate the legacy of Bhagat Singh, and yet each one of them is faced with a contradiction in making a claim to his legacy. Bhagat Singh was not a devotee of non-violence, but he did not subscribe to the religion of violence. sfnp error: multiple targets (3×): CITEREFSingh2007 (, Hindustan Socialist Republican Association, Bhagat Singh Memorial Foundation of Pakistan, "Bhagat Singh's sister passes away on his 107th birthday", 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198078012.003.0054, "Bhagat Singh: The Making of the Revolutionary", "Rare documents on Bhagat Singh's trial and life in jail", "Reasons for Refusing to Attend the Court", "Bhagat Singh: A Perennial Saga Of Inspiration", "Read Bhagat Singh's death warrant on his 84th martyrdom anniversary (updated)", "National Martyrs Memorial, Hussainiwala", "Supreme Court of India – Photographs of the exhibition on the "Trial of Bhagat Singh, "Bhagat "Indian executions stun the Congress", "50 die in India riot; Gandhi assaulted as party gathers", "Tamil Nadu saw spontaneous protests after the hanging", "Gandhiji tried hard to save Bhagat Singh", "The Influence of Ghadar Movement on Bhagat Singh's Thought and Action", "Bhagat Singh and the Revolutionary Movement", "Bhagat Singh an early Marxist, says Panikkar", "How Russian Revolution Inspired Undivided India's Literary, Political Figures", "Understanding Bhagat Singh, one writing at a time", On Bhagat Singh's death anniversary: 'Why I am an atheist', "Leaflet thrown in the Central Assembly Hall, New Delhi at the time of the throwing bombs", "Book review: Why the Story of Bhagat Singh Remains on the Margins? He used to read seditious literature Published by this party. [29][30][31], Bhagat was a prominent member of the Hindustan Republican Association (HRA) and was probably responsible, in large part, for its change of name to Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA) in 1928. [42] There he witnessed discrimination between European and Indian prisoners. [70], Singh's trial has been described by the Supreme Court as "contrary to the fundamental doctrine of criminal jurisprudence" because there was no opportunity for the accused to defend themselves. He became a symbol; the act was forgotten, the symbol remained, and within a few months each town and village of the Punjab, and to a lesser extent in the rest of northern India, resounded with his name. On 5 July 1934, as Udham Singh, he applied in London for endorsements to his passport no. Jalapaasacarpenter.

as their object was to liberate India from foreign control. In December 1928, Bhagat Singh and an associate, Shivaram Rajguru, fatally shot a 21-year-old British police officer, John Saunders, in Lahore, British India, mistaking Saunders, who was still on probation, for the British police superintendent, James Scott, whom they had intended to assassinate.
It would be a very unfortunate day because on that day the new president of the Congress had to reach Karachi and there would be a lot of hot discussion. [21] However, in a case of mistaken identity, the plotters shot John P. Saunders, an Assistant Superintendent of Police, as he was leaving the District Police Headquarters in Lahore on 17 December 1928.[32]. Nehru acknowledged that Bhagat Singh's popularity was leading to a new national awakening, saying: "He was a clean fighter who faced his enemy in the open field ... he was like a spark that became a flame in a short time and spread from one end of the country to the other dispelling the prevailing darkness everywhere". Visit The Sikh Encyclopedia.

Doctors thought that his death might have been hastened by the injuries he had received.

It is reported that no magistrate at the time was willing to supervise Singh's hanging as was required by law. [10] His family members were Hindus and Sikhs; some had been active in Indian Independence movements, others had served in Maharaja Ranjit Singh's army. On 12 May 1936, he applied in London for endorsements for Holland, Germany, Poland, Austria, Hungary and Italy, giving the address 4, Duke Street, Spitalfields, E. The application was granted.

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