Arriving from every corner of the globe, pilgrims of all nationalities, ages, and colors come together for the largest religious gathering in the world. "In the first stage, the umrah will be performed meticulously and within a specified period of time," Hajj Minister Mohammad Benten told state television last week. Until then, the health ministry will vet countries from which pilgrims are allowed to enter based on the health risks. Among the most famous, on the 8th of the month, the pilgrim goes to the Al-Haram mosque for the midday prayer called “Dhor” before touring the Kaaba seven times, counterclockwise and touching the black stone. Therefore, they are separated from their bonds of life here in life below, they mourn their sins, fear God and submit to him and his designs. The pilgrimage always takes place between 8 and 13 of Dhul Hijja, the last month of the Islamic calendar. The Prophet (saas) also recommended completing the pilgrimage as soon as possible. At least having reached the age of puberty, since children can accompany their parents. As described in the Quran, making the pilgrimage to Mecca is one of the five pillars of Islam instituted by Allah. Every Muslim, male or female, strives to make the trip at least once in a lifetime. During the days of the Hajj, millions of pilgrims will gather in Makkah, Saudi Arabia to pray together, eat together, remember historical events, and celebrate the glory of Allah. You’re now subscribed to Al-Monitor. 2020 Dates: Hajj is expected to fall between July 28 - Aug 2, 2020. The link to reset the password will be sent to your email address. Therefore, those who want to make the pilgrimage must hurry to do so, because they can get sick, lose their money or become impoverished. The ninth and tenth days are dedicated to the sites of Arafat and Mina, where pilgrims symbolically steal a wake with seven stones. 2016 Dates: Hajj fell between September 10-15, 2016. One of the five "pillars of faith," the Hajj is a duty upon every Muslim adult who is financially and physically able to make the journey. © 2020 Al-Monitor, LLC. Read more about the. To start the pilgrimage, you must go to one of the six Miqat, mandatory crossing points in Arabia, depending on where it comes from. The Umrah (or Umra), is given before entering Ihram (sacralization), so it is good to wash the body completely by doing a Ghusl (ritual bath), to shave some parts such as the armpits and pubis, to cut the nails, to carve the mustache and use perfume (musk, for example). While, the “quirane” of Hajj, the pilgrim performs Hajj and Umrah together. The Umrah includes some of the same rites, and can be done throughout the year. It is possible to wear the robe of Ihram on the trip, before being in the Miqat, as did the Prophet and the Sahaba. 2018 Dates: Hajj fell between August 19-24, 2018. Vivian Nereim. Before leaving, the pilgrim will have one last time to go to the Kaaba, this is called the farewell Tawaaf. All correspond to different pilgrimage options, the first being the most complete. it is customary but not mandatory to touch (photo by: -/Saudi Ministry of Media/AFP/File). The memory of the believers of the Day of Resurrection, is significant because they leave their family, property and place of residence to meet in a place called ‘Arafat’. As described in the Quran, making the pilgrimage to Mecca is one of the five pillars of Islam instituted by Allah. It is mandatory to do Hajj at least once in a lifetime and only if someone meets the necessary conditions, that is to be Muslim, to be pubescent, to be mentally and financially capable of doing so. 2019 Dates: Hajj is expected to fall between August 9-14, 2019. Saudi Arabia will reopen the Muslim holy places for the year-round umrah pilgrimage on Sunday, scaled back and with extensive health precautions, seven months after coronavirus prompted its suspension. Pilgrimage to Mecca – Rules, Types, Importance, The pilgrim can perform 3 types of Hajj, namely: Hajj “tamatou” in which, the pilgrim chooses to make his Umrah before his Hajj. Similarly, people who do not have the financial or physical means to perform Hajj must make another sacrifice that is easier for them. Shaving or shortening the hair, at the end of the Umrah, the pilgrim can leave his ihram (if he does not want to do Hajj). 2020 Dates: Hajj is expected to fall between July 28 - Aug 2, 2020. Once in the Miqat, the pilgrim (man) must wear the “Ihram”. Visitors from abroad will be permitted from November 1, when capacity will be raised to 20,000 pilgrims, with 60,000 people allowed into the mosque. Hajj is above all a spiritual pilgrimage, an act of worship towards God. All Muslims dream of surrendering, if only once, in the sacred city of Mecca, Saudi Arabia, to perform Hajj or Umrah. While, the “quirane” of Hajj, the pilgrim performs Hajj and Umrah together. Hajj “frade”, in which, the pilgrim decides to do only Hajj and not perform the Umrah. In France alone, more than 50,000 pilgrims travel to Mecca every year to do Hajj or Umrah. When the year-round pligrimage to Mecca resumes on Sunday, the faithful will be required to circumambulate the Kaaba along socially distanced paths, just as they were for the scaled back hajj in July Photo by STR/AFP/File. Every year, millions of Muslims gather in Makkah, Saudi Arabia for the annual pilgrimage, called Hajj. In this sense, Hajj is carried out for the good of God and to be forgiven for all his past sins in this sacred place that is the most important in the Muslim world. Hajj Pilgrimage Statistics. Hajj “frade”, in which, the pilgrim decides to do only Hajj and not perform the Umrah. All rights reserved. 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