This eventually culminated in the release of Shin Mazinger in 2009, a full-length revival of the first super robot series, Mazinger Z. His desire is also to get rid of the categories of 'high' and 'low' art making a flat continuum, hence the term 'superflat'. , In English, anime—when used as a common noun—normally functions as a mass noun. Spirited Away shared the first prize at the 2002 Berlin Film Festival and won the 2003 Academy Award for Best Animated Feature, while Innocence: Ghost in the Shell was featured at the 2004 Cannes Film Festival. There were also the American Anime Awards, which were designed to recognize excellence in anime titles nominated by the industry, and were held only once in 2006.  Works released in a direct to video format are called "original video animation" (OVA) or "original animation video" (OAV); and are typically not released theatrically or televised prior to home media release. Zinegoak nazioarteko zinemaldi LGBTa da. , The web-based series RWBY, produced by Texas-based company Rooster Teeth, is produced using an anime art style, and the series has been described as "anime" by multiple sources. The history of anime can be traced back to the start of the 20th century, with the earliest verifiable films dating from 1906.  Film titles have surfaced over the years, but none have been proven to predate this year.  Seo was the first to use the multiplane camera in Ari-chan in 1941.
The first anime film to be broadcast was Three Tales in 1960. The real robot genre (including the Gundam and Macross franchises), which had declined during the 1990s, was revived in the early 2000s with the success of shows such as FLCL (2000), Mobile Suit Gundam SEED (2002), Eureka Seven (2005), Code Geass: Lelouch of the Rebellion (2006), Mobile Suit Gundam 00 (2007), and Macross Frontier (2008). During the 1970s, the Japanese film market shrank due to competition from television. Later series also started receiving revivals in the late 2000s and early 2010s, such as with Studio Khara's Rebuild of Evangelion tetralogy (2007–), and new adaptations of Masamune Shirow's manga Appleseed XIII (2011) and Ghost in the Shell: Arise (2013–2016). Mushi Production also produced the first anime to be broadcast in the United States (on NBC in 1963), although Osamu Tezuka would complain about the restrictions on US television, and the alterations necessary for broadcast..
The block has been running uninterrupted since April 2005 and has yielded many successful productions unique in the modern anime market.
The movement of hair in anime is exaggerated and "hair action" is used to emphasize the action and emotions of characters for added visual effect.
 In 1940, the government dissolved several artists' organizations to form the Shin Nippon Mangaka Kyōkai.  Simulcast Internet streaming rights can be cheaper, with prices around $1,000-$2,000 an episode, but can also be more expensive, with some series costing more than US$200,000 per episode. The first concentrated effort came from Fuji TV's Noitamina block.
This proved important for producers that had experienced obstacles releasing their work in regular theaters.  Many of the studios are organized into a trade association, The Association of Japanese Animations.  Other subgenres found in anime include magical girl, harem, sports, martial arts, literary adaptations, medievalism, and war. or "How much anime have you collected? 'https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Danganronpa:_The_Animation&action=edit' (2014), Parasyte -the maxim- (2014), One Punch Man (2015), Food Wars (2015), Dragon Ball Super (2015), Mob Psycho 100 (2016), Boruto: Naruto Next Generations (2017), Black Clover (2017), Demon Slayer (2019), Dr. Stone (2019), and Fire Force (2019).
 The artist adds variable color shading to the eyes and particularly to the cornea to give them greater depth.
:101, Toei's style was characterized by an emphasis on each animator bringing his own ideas to the production. , Japanese animation studios were pioneers of many limited animation techniques, and have given anime a distinct set of conventions. Kenzō Masaoka, another important animator, worked at a smaller animation studio. In 1985, Toshio Suzuki helped put together funding for Oshii's experimental film Angel's Egg (1985). The most famous of these people were the amateur production group Daicon Films which would become Gainax.
Pokémon in particular is the highest-grossing media franchise of all time, bigger than Star Wars and Marvel Cinematic Universe.  This resulted in animation that could seem derivative, flat (since motion forward and backward was difficult) and without detail.
(2005), Death Note(2006), Mushishi(2006), Sola(2007), The Melancholy of Haruhi Suzumiya(2006), Lucky Star(2007), Toradora!  Many early works were lost with the destruction of Shimokawa's warehouse in the 1923 Great Kantō earthquake.  While no one art style predominates anime as a whole, they do share some similar attributes in terms of animation technique and character design. Toei Animation and Mushi Production was founded and produced the first color anime feature film in 1958, Hakujaden (The Tale of the White Serpent, 1958). It was released in the US in 1961 as well as Panda and the Magic Serpent. Okada, Toshio et al.  The DVD format also has its drawbacks in its usage of region coding; adopted by the industry to solve licensing, piracy and export problems and restricted region indicated on the DVD player. (2005), "Otaku Talk". , Anime are often classified by target demographic, including children's (子供, kodomo), girls' (少女, shōjo), boys' (少年, shōnen) and a diverse range of genres targeting an adult audience. , The shift towards space operas became more pronounced with the commercial success of Star Wars (1977). The 2000s marked a trend of emphasis of the otaku subculture.
Once the expectation that the aspects of visual intrigue or animation being just for children is put aside, the audience can realize that themes involving violence, suffering, sexuality, pain, and death can all be storytelling elements utilized in anime as much as other types of media. The Rainbow Reel Competition (レインボー・リール・コンペティション) began in 1995 as an annual screening of Japanese short films to encourage production of LGBT-themed films. The anime industry has several annual awards that honor the year's best works. Miyazaki personally checked each of the 144,000 cels in the film, and is estimated to have redrawn parts of 80,000 of them. .
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