nasa goddard institute for space studies

The Landsat data show clearly that Manhattanville is a hotspot with respect to UHI and this will be integrated into the planning.

* Observation has larger increase in precipitation overall

the study of macrofossils and LOI, a record of both climate and carbon sequestration is under development at both sites. Our emissivity results averaged .97 after the recoating, indicating that the white roof releases absorbed heat efficiently. PCMDI.

Aerosols are fine solid particles or liquid droplets suspended in the air, with diameters ranging from a few nanometers through a few tens of micrometers. The satellite gives an account of what actually happened for the Preliminary evidence suggests that urban vegetation is significantly more effective than Team Members:

between different versions of the same file. Francesca Terenzi, Graduate Student, Team Members: We ran the model, gridded at 0.5°, and compared point forecasts for 52 African weather stations with observations made by those stations. After a comparing the results from Alaskan wetlands to each other, it is evident that annual precipitation and temperatures affect organic matter accumulation.

time period specified, in the region specified. * Focus on Southern Ocean and changing ice formations based on seasons Allison Bostrom, High School Student

The climate model used in this project, the RM3 Regional Model at the Center for Climate Systems Research of Columbia University and the NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS), has been configured to simulate weather and climate forecasts over West Africa by taking initial and lateral boundary conditions from either a global model or reanalysis data.

Dr. Linda Sohl, Team Members: Another aspect of this project is developing an initial protocol for the GLORY ground-truth validation.

This is a large amount of data due to things like transient

The use of substantial unpublished functionality, even if modified, without acknowledgement or discussion, is strongly discouraged. Karina Alventosa, Undergraduate Student

Lauren Shum, High School Student

our aerosol investigation into a climatological perspective by examining local This study is a stratigraphic examination of core sediment samples collected from Decodon Pond in Alley Pond Park at Queens, New York on January 30, 2008 and core sample sediments collected on July 21, 2008 in Jamaica Bay, Queens, NY.

For this project we looked at two different NYC neighborhoods to achieve two objectives: 1) to see how communities responded to the storm and how this affected total damage, and 2)to get an idea of other measures the city could take in preventing storm damage by using this community response.

That usually heads off any issues that might arise later. The provenance of meteoric water sources can be inferred through samples of stable isotopes of ocean water. In addition, generated maps of RM3 simulations were compared with TRMM satellite data due to inconsistencies in the reliability of observational data. Abstract: * Ord_testrun8 gives us the most probable conditions on Earth that would help create an ice age. When the white roof was recoated, its average albedo increased significantly from .35 to .63, demonstrating that white roofs must be repainted if they are to remain effective. Second, we observed the insect biodiversity on green roofs.

In this study, our goal was to test the RM3's facility in making daily forecasts when driven by the Global Forecast System (GFS), a global weather model developed by the National Center for Environmental Prediction (NCEP).

These boundary conditions are provided in 1° resolution and are downscaled to the model's 0.5° resolution. Please let us know if any of the information in these files is out-of-date or otherwise incomplete.

Observations from the past sixty years of 𝛿18Oseawater were compiled into a database by Schmidt et al. In this study, we focused on using the polarization of light in the atmosphere to try to gain insight into what was causing that polarization of previously unpolarized natural light. The RM3 28-atmospheric layer Regional Model at the NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies is configured to simulate the climate of West Africa. Sanpisa Sritrairat, Graduate Student The outputs are then posted on the ACMAD website. Sarah Dapul-Weberman, High School Student

Co-Principle Investigator (Co-PI): Their propagation from surface entry points to the ocean interior provides crucial information on rates of ocean transport. A better understanding of the climate dynamics for this region must consider synoptic weather and climate features, such as African wave disturbances (AWD), squall lines, the mid-tropospheric African Easterly Jet, the intertropical convergence precipitation maximum and the Tropical Easterly Jet, which are all under-resolved by the typical resolutions of global analyses and global climate models. Bauer, A.D. Del Genio, M. Kelley, K.K.

Hansen, I. Aleinov, N. Bell, only occasional general papers on the whole system. Kirk Knobelspiesse, Undergraduate Student In a world where cost and economic profit dominate decisions, it is imperative to assign monetary worth and value to environmental systems.

Sa mission est alors d'effectuer des recherches fondamentales dans le domaine des sciences spatiales pour répondre aux besoins du centre.

This event is called a Combined Sewage Overflow (CSO). Sanpisa Sritrairat, Graduate Student

The student will work with measurements taken during several ocean-going research cruises, coupled with the observed atmospheric CFC history. Another core was collected from Goldmine, near Fairbanks Alaska. Urban vegetation serves as a tool to mitigate the Urban Heat Island effect due to evapotranspiration. There are various approaches to aerosol measurements, e.g., ground-based or satellite observations.

Street-level green infrastructure (GI) such as bioswales, enhanced tree pits, street side infiltration swales and permeable pavements are engineered solutions that can help mitigate CSOs by controlling stormwater runoff, a benefit that is not provided by simple street tree planting. For further details, see the User Guide's index.

The relative advantages of nudging and periodic reinitialization will be tested. LeGrande, J. Lerner, S. Menon, V. Oinas, C. Pérez García-Pando, J.P. Perlwitz, M.J. Puma, D. Rind, A. Romanou, G.L. New York City's recent summer heat wave has made the Urban Heat Island effect—the tendency of cities to be warmer than surrounding areas due to their lack of vegetation and high concentrations of cement and asphalt—an even greater concern.

Jacob Eichenbaum-Pikser, Undergraduate Student Abstract: These projects are comprised of both field laboratory components for a NASA NYC Research Initiative (NYCRI) team of high school, undergraduate and graduate students and faculty. Shindell, P.H. (LOI), a technique used to measure the particular amount of combustible organic material in a given sample and is closely related to the

We are currently measuring Hydrogen isotopes of leaf waxes in vascular marsh plants (see Figure 1) to be calibrated to salinity and freshwater flux over the past year using data from the United States Geological Survey (USGS). Team Members: Hansen, R.J. Healy, N.Y. Kiang, D. Koch, A.A. Lacis, A.N. Black roofs typically have an albedo of 0.1, whereas white roofs typically have an albedo of 0.7.

Dr. James Frost, Emma Hartung, High School Student Dr. Gerald Rabl, High School Teacher.

in the Southern Ocean, Analysis & Comparison of Carbon and Carbon Content in For our study, we used EdGCM/GISS GCM Model II to explore whether an El Padre could have contributed to the Pliocene global warming. hence precipitation rates and component of this investigation will seek to put We also find extensive areas of liquid water despite the fact that the global average surface air temperature is well below freezing (0°C), so astrobiologists looking for potentially habitable exoplanets need to consider expanding their guidelines for finding worlds with at least some liquid surface water that would permit the existence of life. Some of students are focusing on this and advancing GISS's understanding of how green roofs can help reduce global and the Regional Models. To help the region minimize the effects of climate change on its economy, we must first understand how the WAM will change. Co-Principle Investigator (Co-PI): Koch, D., G.A. Deniece Brown Howard Spergel, High School Teacher. Its arrival indicates the onset of the wet season that Africa's agricultural economy relies so heavily on. The frozen version of the ModelE code used for CMIP3 simulations

We proposed three questions about green roofs: (A) What are the differences in retaining heat on black and white roofs? These values can be converted to monetary estimations and in conjunction with the other economic models, a total value can be developed for the park. * Oversee Con Edison green roof installation of meteorological tower

We calculate that Jamaica Bay marshes are 15 km2 in area, and four marshes of Jamaica Bay: Big Egg, Four Sparrow, Yellow Bar, and JoCo were cored and measured for carbon content.

 The measurements were consequently graphed and compared to the official temperatures in Central Park. The objective of our study is to compare RM3 forecasts to observational station data to validate the accuracy of the model.

The proposed research will greatly benefit from the recent availability of 0.5° gridded analyses of observed monthly mean precipitation accumulations and surface air temperatures created by the Climate Research Unit of the University of East Anglia (New et al., 2000).

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