Early in 1995 hostilities between the SSIM and SPLA, which had taken several thousands of civilian lives, were temporarily suspended. "He's got a steely but also gentle look. Meeting in South Sudan capital raises expectations for the implementation of stalled peace agreement. VideoCould postal voting upend US election? But the complete removal of accountability and justice from the agenda is not the answer. When South Sudan became independent, in July 2011 he was appointed first Vice President of the new republic.
 Machar belongs to the Dok section of the Nuer people. Studied at UK's University of Bradford, obtaining a PhD in philosophy and strategic planning in 1984, Married UK aid worker Emma McCune in 1991; she died while pregnant, Switched sides on several occasions during the north-south conflict as he sought to strengthen his position and that of his Nuer ethnic group, Sacked as South Sudan's vice-president in July 2013, Denied he was plotting a coup in December 2013 - but his fallout with President Kiir led to more than two years of conflict, Sworn in again as vice-president in April 2016 as part of an internationally brokered peace deal, Fled into DR Congo after fighting resumed in July 2016, before going to South Africa.
19 May 2020 ", "President Kiir appoint Machar FVP ahead of South Sudan new cabinet - Sudan Tribune: Plural news and views on Sudan", "Salva Kiir appoints Machar as First Vice President", "South Sudan: New government takes shape as VPs sworn in", "South Sudan VP confirms apology for Bor Massacre", "Will South Sudan peace deal be worth the wait? It wasn't to be: Mr Machar fled South Sudan in July of that year, crossing the border into the Democratic Republic of Congo with hundreds of loyal followers. Machar returned to Juba in October 2018 following a peace deal that was signed in September 2018. Â© 2020 BBC. Video. At the time, Mr Machar had swapped his military fatigue for an English suit, playing the role of a mediator between the Ugandan government and the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) rebel movement. It was a time of political revolt, with the Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM) having just been formed to campaign against northern rule. VideoBeached: Can rescuers save this dolphin in time? 
That challenge resulted in Mr Machar forming a breakaway rebel group, eventually signing his own peace accord with Sudan's Omar al-Bashir's government in 1997, before becoming an assistant to the president.  In April 2016, as part of the peace deal, Machar returned to Juba and was sworn in as vice-president.
However, if they are successful, Mr Machar will hope to once again move from rebel to vice-president. 
Coming from South Sudan's second largest ethnic group, the gap-toothed Mr Machar's presence in the upper echelons of power was seen as vital to promote ethnic unity with the Dinka majority. He became vice-president of South Sudan on 9 July 2011 when the country became independent, but was dismissed from office by President Salva Kiir Mayardit on 23 July 2016. Mr Machar chose to join the fight - and has never looked back. Although seeking independence for South Sudan, the group received covert support from the Government of Sudan as it fought the SPLA between 1991 and 1999 in attacks that became increasingly violent and ethnically motivated. In 1990 Machar was based at Leer. Man in Speedos takes on Hadrian's Wall. , Machar was a rebel leader with the Sudan People's Liberation Army/Movement (SPLM/A) headed by John Garang from 1984 until he fell out with Garang in 1991. "He showed immense patience - the skills of a diplomat," recalled Mr Amanor, who covered the talks. In 2000 he left the SSDF and formed a new militia, the Sudan People's Defense Forces/Democratic Front (SPDF), and in 2002 rejoined the SPLA as a senior commander. In 1991, he married British aid worker Emma McCune, who died two years later, while pregnant, in a car accident in the Kenyan capital, Nairobi. They escaped and joined Machar in 1993, with their forces making an important addition to the formerly Nuer-dominated SPLA-Nasir.  Machar was appointed First Vice-President of South Sudan on 22 February 2020 as part of the Revitalised Transitional Government of National Unity. , In October 2017, Machar was under house arrest in South Africa.  In August Machar became Vice President of the Government of Southern Sudan and SPLM Co-Chair of the Joint Executive Political Committee.  He was also made commander in chief of the South Sudan Defense Force (SSDF), which included most of the ex-rebels who had signed the Khartoum agreement. Riek Machar’s group says extending Salva Kiir’s term until 2021 undermines peace talks with opposition forces. ", "Is South Sudan's latest peace accord the real deal?
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