In 2014, the discovery of the animal's pelvic girdle was announced; it was strongly built, indicating the animal could have used them for moving in shallow water and across mudflats. Plausible explanations for the 397-ma fossils include: The transition from water to land is bridged by several transitional fossils, ranging from amphibian-like fish to fish-like amphibians. Tiktaalik (pronounced /tɪkˈtaːlɪk/) is a genus of extinct sarcopterygian (lobe-finned) fish from the late Devonian period, with many features akin to those of tetrapods (four-legged animals) .
Much like modern day amphibians, Prof. Narkiewicz, co-author of the article on the Zachelmie trackways, claimed that the Polish "discovery has disproved the theory that elpistostegids were the ancestors of tetrapods", a notion partially shared by Philippe Janvier. the discovery of three fossils would help bridge one of the most
The life cycle starts with
The discovery was published in the April 6 2006 issue of Nature  and quickly recognized as a classic example of a transitional form.
half-fish, half-tetrapod limb bones and joints, including a functional wrist joint and radiating, fish-like fins instead of toes.
Close examination of the joints show that although they probably were not used to walk, they were more than likely used to prop up the creature’s body, much like a pushup action. The rear fins and tail have not yet been found. Unlike many previous, more fishlike transitional fossils, the "fins" of Tiktaalik have basic wrist bones and simple rays reminiscent of fingers. passages that would have connected to what may have been lungs. This The first well-preserved Tiktaalik fossils were found in 2004 on Ellesmere Island in Nunavut, Canada. The He hates Tiktaalik, Fossil fish bridges the evolutionary gap between animals of land and sea.
What enviornment did Tiktaalik need to reproduce?
Tiktaalik roseae played a key role in animals transitioning from Until more data become available, the phylogenetic position of Tiktaalik and other elpistostegids remains uncertain.
Tiktaalik provides insights on the features of the extinct closest relatives of the tetrapods.  Given its "neither-fish-nor-fowl" attributes, many scientists see Tiktaalik as a transitional form in the evolution of tetrapods (four-limbed vertebrates, i.e.
Jennifer A. Clack, a Cambridge University expert on tetrapod evolution, said of Tiktaalik, "It's one of those things you can point to and say, 'I told you this would exist,' and there it is."
While it may be that neither is ancestor to any living animal, they serve as evidence that intermediates between very different types of vertebrates did once exist.
At the time of the species' existence, Ellesmere Island was part of the continent Laurentia (modern eastern North America and Greenland), which was centered on the equator and had a warm climate.
Although Tiktaalik may have ventured onto land, a large majority of its life was spent in the water. Interactions >. On further inspection, the ancient animal was found to be in fantastic shape for a 383-million-year-old specimen . , However, the proximal series can be directly compared to the ulnare and intermedium of tetrapods.
Instead after The bones of the forefins show large muscle facets, suggesting that the fin was both muscular and had the ability to flex like a wrist joint. The remarkable find was made by a paleontologist who noticed the skull sticking out of a cliff. especially when compared to other fish, with the individual ribs Tiktaalik likely had a simple form of lungs as well as gills and the ability to go onto land (Shipman, 2006).
its life was spent in the water. - The pectoral fin of Tiktaalik roseae and the After five years of digging on Ellesmere Island, in the far north of Nunavut, they hit pay dirt: a collection of several fish so beautifully preserved that their skeletons were still intact. When Tiktaalik would lay its eggs, it would lay a large amount of
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