von spee

Even in the seventeenth century a number of new editions and German translations appeared, Protestants also eagerly assisting in promoting its circulation. Maximilian, Graf von Spee, in full Maximilian Johannes Maria Hubert, Graf (count) von Spee, (born June 22, 1861, Copenhagen, Denmark—died December 8, 1914, off Falkland Islands), admiral who commanded German forces in the battles of Coronel and the Falkland (Malvinas) Islands early in World War I. . Despite having four 12in guns, she would have been outgunned by von Spee’s squadron. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1912. This article was transcribed for New Advent by Douglas J. Potter. The Admiralty responded with a massive movement of ships, reinforcing every station they thought he could reach.

He lingered there until 26 November taking on coal. Updates? He joined the German navy in 1878, only seven years after its creation.
Friedrich Von Spee. Within hours he was dead.…. At the start of the war, von Spee with the Scharnhorst and the Gneisenau was at the island of Ponape, at the eastern end of the Caroline Islands. - Contact Us - Search - Recent - About Us -  Subscribe in a reader - Join our Google Group
Contact information. The French held over 5,000 t (5,500 short tons) of high-quality Cardiff coal at the port, and von Spee hoped to seize the coal piles to replenish his squadron's supply. Many a generation passed before witch burning ceased in Germany, the classic land of these outrages; but at all events the "Cautio Criminals" brought about its abolition in a number of places, especially at Mainz, and led the way to its gradual suppression. Transcription. Von Spee’s victory at Coronel sent shockwaves throughout the Royal Navy. Sturdee had been operating with even less urgency than von Spee, but on 8 December he made up for that. He entered the German navy in 1878, and in 1887–88 he commanded the port in German Cameroon. Both von Spee and Craddock decided to bring their main squadrons to Coronel, each hoping to catch an isolated cruiser. Coronel and the Falklands both demonstrated the changing nature of naval warfare in 1914-1918. He became professor at the University of Paderborn in 1624; from 1626 he taught at Speyer, Wesel, Trier, and Cologne, and was preacher at Paderborn, Cologne, and Hildesheim. Her first salvo fell well short, but her second came with 100 yards of the Gneisenau and some shrapnel may even had hit the German ship. A poet, opponent of trials for witchcraft, born at Kaiserswerth on the Rhine, 25 February, 1591; died at Trier 7 August, 1635. Von Spee decided to raid Papeete in Tahiti on his way to rendezvous with the rest of his squadron at Easter Island. This work was printed in 1631 at Rinteln without Spee's name or permission, although he was doubtlessly widely known as its author. Once he was in range of the German squadron, von Spee turned back with the Scharnhorst and Gneisenau, in the hope that he could win time for his light cruisers to escape. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Imprimatur. Graf Spee, in full Admiral Graf von Spee, German pocket battleship of 10,000 tons launched in 1936. Admiral Maximilian von Spee was one of the most famous German sailors of the First World War, winning his fame at the battle of Coronel, the first British naval defeat for a century. He soon discovered that Craddock and his inadequate squadron was in the area. In 1897 she was serving on the China station, returning during the Boxer Rebellion. Friedrich Spee (also Friedrich Spee von Langenfeld; February 25, 1591 – August 7, 1635) was a German Jesuit priest, professor, and poet, most well-known as a forceful opponent of witch trials and one who was an insider writing from the epicenter of the European witch-phobia. HMS Good Hope and HMS Monmouth were both lost, along with 1,600 men and Cradock. Soon after entering the Atlantic he captured a British barque carrying coal, and spent three days at Picton Island transferring that coal into his ships. APA citation.

Easter Island had been part of Chile since 1888. His only real option now was to head east, to attack British trade on the west coast of America. The defeat at the Falklands was perhaps unlucky, although given the scale of the British response to Coronel, von Spee could hardly have expected to remain at large for too much longer. From 25 September-1 October he was at the Marquesas Islands, where he was able to seize some French Government funds and fresh food. He does not advocate the immediate abolition of trials for witchcraft, but describes in thrilling language and with cutting sarcasm the horrible abuses in the prevailing legal proceedings, particularly the inhuman use of the rack. His battlecruisers were soon at sea, and a long chase followed. On 14 September he reached Samoa, but found no ships and a garrison too strongly dug in to attack. Spee found a much superior British force in port as he approached. Cardauns, Hermann. Spee, who had left Chile on November 26, appeared off the Falklands on December 8, perhaps not knowing that the British squadron was there. 4 (1884), where the first exact analysis of the Cautio is given.

His first action was to take Scharnhorst, Gneisenau and Nürnberg into Valparaiso to make sure that the Good Hope had indeed sunk. In 1908 he was made chief of staff of the German Ocean (North Sea) Command, and at the end of 1912 he was appointed commander of the Far Eastern Squadron. Finally, in 1912 he was appointed to head the Cruiser Squadron in East Asia. This was von Spee’s moment of glory. Remy Lafort, S.T.D., Censor. Despite his great reputation, von Spee was not a greatly successful cruiser captain. On 1 November the two squadrons came together at the battle of Coronel. It was not until midnight on 1-2 December that his squadron finally rounded the Horn, heading into the South Atlantic. The pocket battleship Admiral Graf Spee was named after von Spee in 1934. Includes the Catholic Encyclopedia, Church Fathers, Summa, Bible and more — all for only $19.99... A poet, opponent of trials for witchcraft, born at Kaiserswerth on the Rhine, 25 February, 1591; died at Trier 7 August, 1635. On 29 August he left the Marshall Islands, and headed towards Fanning and Christmas Islands, to rendezvous with the Nürnberg. If von Spee had not captured the British barque, then Sturdee would have arrived at the Falklands well after von Spee had left. During the storming of Trier by the imperial forces in March, 1635, he distinguished himself in the care of the suffering, and died soon afterwards from the results of an infection contracted in a hospital. He demands measures of reform, such as a new German imperial law on the subject, liability to damages on the part of the judges, etc., which, if they had been conscientiously carried out, would have quickly put an end to the persecution of witches. Von Spee was born into an aristocratic family in 1861. Two battle cruisers under Vice Admiral Sir Frederick Doveton Sturdee were sent from England against Spee. He had bases at Tsingtau, the German colony on the coast of China, and at Rabaul on New Pommern (New Britain, off the north east coast of New Guinea). He had wanted to head straight out into the Altantic then scatter his cruisers on the trading lanes, but his staff officers had convinced him to attack the Falklands. Von Spee’s final squadron came together at Easter Island. He was one of the noblest and most attractive figures of the awful era of the Thirty Years' War. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Finally, on 6 December he set sail for the Falklands.

He then served on the training ship Moltke, before being appointed commander of the first class cruiser SMS Deutschland in 1897. Cardauns, H. (1912). Vol. On 18 October he left Easter Island, arriving at Mas-a-fuera Island (now Alejandro Selkirk Island) on 26 October. Von Spee was left with two choices – either head west into the Indian Ocean, or east to South American. Von Spee’s victory at Coronel damaged a major prop of British naval strategy. His two sons were also killed in the battle, along with 2,000 other German sailors. The next day further radio messages were intercepted by a wireless station on Fiji. July 1, 1912.

He wrote, "Torture has the power to create witches where none exist."

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