french revolution of 1848

Louis Napoleon declares himself Emperor Napoleon III of France. From 1848 to 1852, early American newspapers reported drastic changes in France. Shane White. The information in this guide focuses on primary source materials found in the digitized historic newspapers from the digital collection Chronicling America . On June 12, as the National Assembly (known as the National Constituent Assembly during its work on a constitution) continued to meet at Versailles, fear and violence consumed the capital. Louis Napoleon elected President of France. Within a week, most of the clerical deputies and 47 liberal nobles had joined them, and on June 27 Louis XVI grudgingly absorbed all three orders into the new assembly. The non-aristocratic members of the Third Estate now represented 98 percent of the people but could still be outvoted by the other two bodies. Revolting against years of exploitation, peasants looted and burned the homes of tax collectors, landlords and the seigniorial elite.

His death marked the beginning of the Thermidorian Reaction, a moderate phase in which the French people revolted against the Reign of Terror’s excesses. This one’s all true.

Royalists and Jacobins protested the new regime but were swiftly silenced by the army, now led by a young and successful general named Napoleon Bonaparte. Though enthusiastic about the recent breakdown of royal power, Parisians grew panicked as rumors of an impending military coup began to circulate. From 1848 to 1852, early American newspapers reported drastic changes in France. Second Empire begins.

While all of the orders shared a common desire for fiscal and judicial reform as well as a more representative form of government, the nobles in particular were loath to give up the privileges they enjoyed under the traditional system.

Would the clergy owe allegiance to the Roman Catholic Church or the French government? Subscribe for fascinating stories connecting the past to the present.

Not only were the royal coffers depleted, but two decades of poor harvests, drought, cattle disease and skyrocketing bread prices had kindled unrest among peasants and the urban poor. The young couple soon came to symbolize all of the excesses of the reviled French monarchy, and Marie Antoinette herself became the target of a great deal more, Given the history of English and Spanish colonial expansion into North America, it’s easy to forget New France, a vast territory where the French had a significant stake in the New World. Marx's work in economics laid the basis for the current understanding of labour and its relation to capital, and has influenced m... Friedrich Engels was a German social scientist, author, political theorist, philosopher, and father of Marxist theory, alongside Karl Marx. Interest of the French Revolution continues to grow as American newspapers recap French bulletins months after the abdication of King Louis Phillipe. Fact: The key meeting to plan the French Revolution took place on a tennis court. They also unleashed the bloody Reign of Terror (la Terreur), a 10-month period in which suspected enemies of the revolution were guillotined by the thousands. On June 17, with talks over procedure stalled, the Third Estate met alone and formally adopted the title of National Assembly; three days later, they met in a nearby indoor tennis court and took the so-called Tennis Court Oath (serment du jeu de paume), vowing not to disperse until constitutional reform had been achieved. "By this glorious revolution the French proletariat has again placed itself at the head of the European movement. To garner support for these measures and forestall a growing aristocratic revolt, the king summoned the Estates-General (les états généraux) – an assembly representing France’s clergy, nobility and middle class – for the first time since 1614. A popular insurgency culminated on July 14 when rioters stormed the Bastille fortress in an attempt to secure gunpowder and weapons; many consider this event, now commemorated in France as a national holiday, as the start of the French Revolution. Over 17,000 people were officially tried and executed during the Reign of Terror, and an unknown number of others died in prison or without trial. In France the revolutionary events ended the Orleans monarchy (1830–48) and led to the creation of the French Second Republic. By the time the Estates-General convened at Versailles, the highly public debate over its voting process had erupted into hostility between the three orders, eclipsing the original purpose of the meeting and the authority of the man who had convened it. The French Revolution was a watershed event in modern European history that began in 1789 and ended in the late 1790s with the ascent of Napoleon Bonaparte.

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